A professional header: The first item on your freelance invoice should be your business name, or your full name, in professional (and easy to read) font. The font size should be a little bigger than the rest of the text on the invoice, and possibly even bolded for emphasis. Next you'll want to include your contact information: your mailing address, phone number, email address, website, etc., right underneath your business name.
When you work out the contract with each client (and yes, you should have a contract in place!), you'll list out the terms of how often you plan to invoice and when you should be paid. For instance, you can agree to bill on the first of each month, or biweekly so you get paid every other Friday. Keep in mind whether your industry is one where you invoice upfront before any work has been completed. In this case you'll be detailing the progress of the project as opposed to doing a monthly invoice.