Using invoicing systems to make it simple - While you can make up your own invoice or use a free template, it's often easier to use an invoicing system that offers more in depth features. Some invoice systems, like Harvest, offer the option to create estimates for big projects, keep track of multiple clients and send reminder emails when payments are late. Another option is Freshbooks, which offers similar features but includes profit and loss sheets, as well as trackers to help you manage your time.
For any type of business to succeed, you have to get paid. So whether you do one freelance gig a month or run a full-time writing business, you need to calculate the time you've worked and bill your clients for it.