Using invoicing systems to make it simple - While you can make up your own invoice or use a free template, it's often easier to use an invoicing system that offers more in depth features. Some invoice systems, like Harvest, offer the option to create estimates for big projects, keep track of multiple clients and send reminder emails when payments are late. Another option is Freshbooks, which offers similar features but includes profit and loss sheets, as well as trackers to help you manage your time.
Product or service details: Specify Description, Quantity, Rate, Amount and Subtotal. The more details you include on the invoice, the better. This way, your client will know exactly what they are paying for upon receiving the invoice. Make sure that your client can understand every item, so that as soon as they receive the invoice, they can pay you instead of asking questions and delaying the process.