The due date for the invoice is totally up to you, however, most invoicing systems are set up on a 30 day, 45 day or 60 day timeframe. You can also make the invoice "Due upon receipt," where the recipient is required to pay the invoice promptly.
Creating a professional freelance invoice is vital to the success of your business. If you sent your client paper receipts and scribbled notes, they would not be as likely to pay you on time and would probably question the you run your business. Take the stress out of getting paid by using a free template or an invoicing system to track your work and start getting paid on time.