The due date for the invoice is totally up to you, however, most invoicing systems are set up on a 30 day, 45 day or 60 day timeframe. You can also make the invoice "Due upon receipt," where the recipient is required to pay the invoice promptly.
Sales Tax: Depending on your jurisdiction and type of business, the tax requirement can get complicated. Be sure to follow instructions from your local tax bureau and include the appropriate tax amount on the invoice. Pro tip: Use an invoicing software to manage your business activities, change tax settings as you want and make your tax time easier.