Use a digital format – Using a digital format is one way to ensure your invoice is professional, and to indicate that you're likely to use the latest tools, and follow best practices, on the job. Simple mobile apps like Invoice2go will allow you to create and send professional estimates and invoices on site when the project is still fresh in your client's mind. These apps can even store receipts so you have a real-time way to keep your expenses organized for easy presentation to your clients.
When you work out the contract with each client (and yes, you should have a contract in place!), you'll list out the terms of how often you plan to invoice and when you should be paid. For instance, you can agree to bill on the first of each month, or biweekly so you get paid every other Friday. Keep in mind whether your industry is one where you invoice upfront before any work has been completed. In this case you'll be detailing the progress of the project as opposed to doing a monthly invoice.