The best thing about using an invoice system is that you can track your time against the amount you're getting paid for each task. In order to run a successful business, you want your hourly rate to be profitable so you're not losing time and money. Another benefit of using an invoicing system is that you'll never save over an invoice and lose the work you've calculated for another client.
The due date for the invoice is totally up to you, however, most invoicing systems are set up on a 30 day, 45 day or 60 day timeframe. You can also make the invoice "Due upon receipt," where the recipient is required to pay the invoice promptly.