While you can make up your own invoice or use a free template, it's often easier to use an invoicing system that offers more in depth features. Some invoice systems, like Harvest, offer the option to create estimates for big projects, keep track of multiple clients and send reminder emails when payments are late. Another option is Freshbooks, which offers similar features but includes profit and loss sheets, as well as trackers to help you manage your time. Both of these services can be used for free or upgraded for a small fee, and include lots of other cool features, like scanning receipts for work completed in the field.
You can attach files—such as a detailed time report, design drafts, or additional project information—to an invoice before sending it to your client. You can also attach an Expense Report, which will contain receipt images entered with your expenses.